Cylinder seals were wonderful Cam Talbot Jersey , small objects that are incised with graphic images and sometimes writings that were the ignature of dignitaries, officials, and the upper class in the ancient Near East. They are made of hard stones, often black or dark green, but also of Lapis Lazuli Milan Lucic Jersey , chalcedony, agate, jasper, marble, carnelian and crystal.

Cylinder seals are the only object from the ancient Near East surviving in quantity over the entire period. Therefore Darnell Nurse Jersey , for the history of art, they are unique. In addition, some carry inscriptions naming the ancient owners, or giving other valuable information, which is also unique since captions on objects are extremely rare in this area and period. Since cylinder seals are small and mostly made of stone Ryan Strome Jersey , many have survived intact, while other objects such as large sculpture in the round and large stone reliefs have rarely survived intact, if at all. Victorious armies often destroyed them of set plan, or plunderers and vandals as well as the elements took a toll of them over the centuries. Thus, a major collection of cylinder seals has an importance well beyond the size and bulk of the objects.


Cylinder seals were pressed into wet clay to leave an impression of the design in order to seal vessels, consignments of goods and the door latches of storerooms so that it could be ascertained whether the contents had been tampered with. People in the ancient Near East created seals around 3000 BC. The early seals were tamp seals and had one or more flat sides depicting a design. By 3200 BC, seals were made in cylinder form that permitted the seal to be rolled over wet clay to produce a continuous image or frieze. The primary use of seals was to designate ownership. They were impressed on the clay that sealed storage jars and on lumps of clay wrapped around ropes securing bales of goods. When the clay hardened Wayne Gretzky Jersey , the impression became a permanent record, a sign of ownership. The shape and size of cylinder seals, the type of material used, and the designs carved into the surface varied according to period and area.
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and its Many of the earliest ones have simple geometric patterns, and there are many traditional scenes involving nobility Connor McDavid Jersey , Gods, hunters, and beasts. Most are meant to be scrolled horizontally.

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by Alex Osei-Boateng


ACCRA, March 28 (Xinhua) -- Vice President of Ghana Mahamudu Bawumia on Tuesday urged African countries to seek new solutions to maintain maritime security.


Bawumia said Ghana had remained an island of peace in the turbulent Gulf of Guinea, where piracy incidents are reputed to be the highest in the world.


He said his country was committed to helping its neighbors also achieve stability as whatever happened in the region had a ripple effect on all neighboring countries.


The vice president was speaking at the third Coastal and Maritime Surveillance Africa Conference and Defense Exhibition in Accra.


The event brought together some of the world's best experts and professionals in maritime security and surveillance to discuss solutions to maritime threats and vulnerabilities.


Ghana's maritime domain has changed significantly in the last few years. Today, the maritime environment has become the cash cow of the country with the discovery of large deposits of hydrocarbons in the offshore areas.


Ghana's Chief of Naval Staff, Rear Admiral Peter Kofi Faidoo, said the navy saw the development on the Gulf of Guinea as an opportunity.


""However, we have to remain dynamic and adapt to the changing strategic environment otherwise we risk suffering a strategic drift and becoming largely irrelevant in the scheme of things,"" he said.

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